An impact wrench and an impact driver are the two most popular tools that look almost similar to each other and can easily cause confusion when buying.
While both tools share similarities and serve the purpose of fastening and loosening bolts and screws, they have distinct differences in terms of design, functionality, and ideal applications.
Therefore before purchasing the wrong one, you need to have the proper knowledge and know the differences between an impact wrench and an impact driver.
If you want to understand both of these tools, then you are in the right place. In this article, we have covered in detail the impact wrench vs. impact driver.
By the end, you will have a clear understanding of the differences between these two powerful tools, enabling you to make an informed decision based on your specific needs and requirements.
So, let’s get started…
Impact Wrench Vs. Impact Driver: What Is The Difference?
Here are the major differences between an impact wrench and an impact driver to make you clear enough.
|FEATURES||IMPACT WRENCH||IMPACT DRIVER|
|Usage||Used for tightening and loosening nuts and bolts||Used for driving in and driving out screws.|
|Torque output||Offers higher torque levels||Lower torque|
|Speed||Slower speed||Higher speed|
|Impact force||Rotational force||Rotational and axial force|
|Impact mechanism||Hammering mechanism||Rotational hammering mechanism|
|Price range||Comparatively more expensive than impact driver||Comparatively more expensive than an impact wrench|
|Applications||Automotive repairs, industrial usage, construction||Woodworking, DIY, Furniture assembly|
What Is an Impact Wrench?
An impact wrench is a heavy-duty power tool used for tightening and loosening bolts, nuts, and other rusted fasteners.
They are capable of delivering high rotational torque which increases your productivity and makes tightening and loosening of nuts and bolts a much quicker and easier process.
Due to the high torque output it delivers, they find a wide range of applications in the automotive and construction industries.
Impact wrench drives are generally of two types- Electric powered or pneumatic-powered. A pneumatic impact wrench can provide the maximum torque and is usually considered the most professional grade impact wrench.
However, to change your car tires, electric-powered wrenches are more preferable as you won’t have access to air compressors on the road.
Features Of Impact Wrench
Impact wrenches come in various specifications and features to meet different applications and may vary depending on the specific models and brands.
Here are some common specifications of impact wrenches:
- Torque Output: Impact wrenches have very high torque outputs depending on the size of the tool. Torque ratings can range from a few hundred ft-lbs to well over 1,000 ft-lbs.
- Speed: Impact wrenches have variable speed settings which can range between 2,000 RPM to 3,000 RPM.
- Drive Size: Impact wrenches usually have a square drive with common drive sizes of 1/2-inch, 3/4-inch, and 1-inch.
- Weight: Impact wrenches are generally heavier and bulkier when compared to impact drivers. The weight of an impact wrench can range from a few pounds to over 10 pounds to meet the requirements.
- Power Source: Impact wrenches are available in two types, corded wrenches, and cordless impact wrenches. Choosing between a corded or cordless impact wrench depends on needs and working conditions.
Corded Impact Wrenches Vs. Cordless Impact Wrenches
Both options have their unique advantages and considerations, making it essential to understand the differences between corded and cordless impact wrenches before making a decision.
Here is a quick comparison of corded and cordless impact wrenches:
|Advantages of Corded Impact Wrenches||Disadvantages Of Corded Impact wrenches|
|Corded Wrenches provide continuous power from an electrical outlet.||Cannot be used in remote locations where there is no access to electrical outlets.|
|Corded models offer higher torque output, making them suitable for heavy-duty tasks.||The reliance on a power outlet restricts mobility. They are best suited for stationary or indoor applications.|
|There is no need to worry about battery life or recharging.||The presence of a power cord can be cumbersome and may require the use of extension cords in certain situations.|
|Advantages of Cordless Impact Wrenches||Disadvantages Of Cordless Impact Wrenches|
|Greater mobility and versatility without being limited by a power cord.||Dependent on battery life and runtime. Usually need to carry spare batteries.|
|No need for a power outlet which makes them convenient for remote areas or outdoor applications.||When the battery is depleted, charging times can vary depending on the battery and charger.|
|Compact and lightweight.||Lower torque and not suitable for heavy-duty work.|
What Is An Impact Driver?
An impact driver is a powerful handheld tool designed for driving screws, bolts, and other fasteners with high torque and efficiency.
It comes in the form of a cordless drill which typically has a 1/4-inch hexagonal chuck, which accepts hex-shanked driver bits.
It utilizes hammering imact mechanism with rapid rotational blows that generate high torque which prevents the tool from stripping screws or stalling when faced with tough materials.
Difference Between Impact Driver And Drill Machine
Many people think that an impact driver and a drill is the same tool with different names. However, there are several key differences between an impact driver and a drill.
|Impact Driver||Drill Machine|
|Designed for driving screws, bolts and fasteners.||Designed for drilling holes in wood, metal or plastic.|
|Uses hammering or rotational impact mechanism.||Used steady rotary motion.|
|High torque output.||Lower torque output.|
|Compact and lightweight.||Less compact when compared to impact driver.|
In conclusion, when it comes to impact wrenches versus impact drivers, both tools have their specific purposes and strengths.
Understanding the key differences between them allows users to make informed decisions based on their specific needs and applications.
Impact wrenches are designed to handle large bots and fasteners whereas impact drivers are designed for fastening and drilling tasks.
The choice between an impact wrench and an impact driver ultimately depends on the specific requirements of the task at hand.
Some professionals and DIY enthusiasts own both an impact wrench and an impact driver, as each tool serves a unique purpose and can complement each other in different projects.
In this article, we have tried our best to cover every aspect of the topic.
If you have any queries or suggestions, please feel free to comment below.
FAQ: Impact Wrench Vs. Impact Driver
Most people while looking through the difference between an impact wrench and an impact driver also have some questions related to it. Therefore, keeping this an important perspective for you. We have found some of the important questions with their answers.
Q1. Can An Impact Wrench Be Used As An Impact Driver?
Ans: Although an impact wrench can generate high torque and deliver powerful impacts, they are designed for different purposes and cannot be used as an impact driver.
Q2. Can An Impact Driver Be Used To Remove Screws?
Ans: Yes, An impact driver is designed to be used for both driving in and also removing screws.
Q3. Can An Impact Driver Be Used For All Works?
Ans: An impact driver can definitely be used for many works unless your jobs needs precision.
Q4. Can I Use Impact Driver Instead Of A Drill Machine?
Ans: Is is always recommended to use a drill machine. However, in certain cases, if you wish to make a hole that are less than 1/4 inch, an imact driver can be used.